The first step begins with clearly defining your goals – what exactly are you trying to find out? Would an online poll help you identify trends or patterns – for instance, mobile adoption among your users – and inform product development plans? Are you just trying to calculate your Net Promoter Score? Or will you send out an online questionnaire to boost attendance levels for your next sales conference? Maybe you’re trying to win back clients who have decided to part company with you. It’s important to know exactly what your objectives are in order to create an effective online questionnaire. Only then can you start asking the right questions.
Emphasising the earlier point about defining your goals, working backwards will help you ask all the questions and obtain all the answers (or metrics) you need for your questionnaire. For instance, if your questionnaire compares ad concepts, you might make the hypothesis that project Bubbles is preferred by X% of the respondent sample versus project King Louie and Y% compared to project Caesar. Even though you’re not certain of the responses that will unfold, you can get a clear idea of which questions you need to ask.
Avoid technical words, jargon, lingo or any industry-specific language that might confuse or frustrate your survey respondents. You’ll also want to be specific and concrete. It’s better to poll survey takers on ‘mobile phone’ usage instead of ‘handheld device’ usage. ‘Music’ is much more specific than ‘content’. If you want an easy way to ensure that you’re using plain, easy-to-understand language in your questionnaire, consider using a pre-test and send out your online survey or poll to colleagues.
Although it might be tempting to combine two questions into one, resist the urge or risk the reliability of your survey data. Take, for example, the following market research question: “Do you like our brand new ice lolly flavour and would you buy it more frequently than the original flavour?”. Since there are two questions embedded within, it’s difficult to gauge what respondents feel about each of the statements.
Riddled with assumptive questions, a big questionnaire no-no is the use of leading language. Take the following example: “There are many people who complain that hospital A&E waiting times are unreasonably long. Are you one of them?” Clearly, the question assumes what it is asking, leading respondents to answer in a specific way.
Sometimes you need to look to the experts to get inspiration for your surveys. SurveyMonkey Question Bank is your source for thousands of pre-written, certified questions created by our team of methodologists. It’s easy to find and add the most frequently-asked question types by category. Every question and response set has been written to reduce bias and give you the most accurate answers possible.
Use these top tips for creating effective questions for your online questionnaires, polls and surveys. Millions of people use SurveyMonkey, including 99% of the Fortune 100.
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Here are some ideas to ensure that respondents will answer your surveys.
If your survey is short and sweet, there's a greater chance that more respondents will complete it.
Little incentives like small discount or an entry into a drawing can help ensure respondents complete your survey.
With SurveyMonkey Audience, you can purchase access to an audience who meets specific demographic criteria for your survey. It's a great way to get targeted responses from a specific group.