Question Title

* 1. According to USGS undiscovered deposits are estimated to be approx. 5.9% and 24.3% of the world’s known oil and gas reserves respectively. With regards to non-fuel minerals, the estimated value of mineral reserves in the Russian Arctic alone are estimated to be approx. two trillion US dollars. Do you consider these estimations accurate?

Question Title

* 2. With 5 being the highest and 1 the smallest, identify the extend of exploitation for the following Arctic resources by 2050  

  1 2 3 4 5
Oil
Gas
Mineral fuels (coal)
Non-fuel minerals
Precious metals
Wild fisheries
Aquacultures
Renewable energy
Tourism

Question Title

* 3. Categorise the influence level the following financial factors are expected to have on the exploitation of Arctic resources by 2050  

  No influence Very limited influence Limited influence Strong influence Very strong influence
Oil and Gas price
Price of natural resources
Renewable energy prices
Growth rate of the global economy
Global recession and/or trade wars

Question Title

* 4. Categorise the influence level the following political factors are expected to have on the exploitation of Arctic resources by 2050

  No influence Very limited influence Limited influence Strong influence Very strong influence
Global policies for de-carbonisation
US non-ratification of the UNCLOS
Unresolved UNCLOS territorial claims
Dispute over the Northwest passage
Arctic nations current State policies encouraging resource extraction
Non-Arctic nations current State policies encouraging resource extraction
Lack of State policies for resource extraction
Future State policies for resource extraction

Question Title

* 6. How likely is it that public concern about potential environmental impacts will have a restraining effect on the exploitation of Arctic resources?

Question Title

* 7. What level of new infrastructure building, including ship building, will be required to meet the future exploitation of Arctic resources?

Question Title

* 8. In 2009 the Arctic Council outlined the following scenarios (Figure 1) for the future of Arctic shipping by 2050. 1. Select the scenario you see unfolding at present and 2. select the scenario with the highest likelihood by 2050.

Figure 1: Source: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment of the Arctic Council's Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment Working Group. (2008) The Future of Arctic Marine Navigation in Mid-­‐Century: Scenario Narratives Report. p.5

  Arctic Race Arctic Saga Polar Preserve Polar Lows
1. Present
2. Future

Question Title

* 9. Please add below any additional comments you may have

Question Title

* 10. My expertise is in:

Question Title

* 11. My confidence level in answering this questionnaire:

T