Participant Information Sheet

Invitation Paragraph

You are being asked to take part in a research study. Before you decide, it is important for you to understand why the research is being done and what it will involve. Please take time to read the following information carefully and discuss it with others if you wish. Ask me if there is anything that is not clear or if you would like more information. Take time to decide whether or not you wish to take part. Thank you for reading this . You may ask me any questions if anything is not clear or if you want more information via e-mail at

What is the purpose of the study?

e-activism are the technologies used in citizen activism. Some examples include social media, podcasts, e-mail etc. The aim of this survey is to understand the technologies young people use in e-activism and to what extent they can influence people more engaging in digital activism, and whether or not these technologies could help to reduce the issues of apathy (disinterest) and digital divide (lack of access to technology). This study will be carried out until the second week of September.

Why have I been invited to participate?

You have been invited as you could help provide useful and valuable feedback to the questionnaire, as you may have some knowledge and/or experience in using e-activism technology. You must be at 18-40 years of age and living in the UK to participate.

Do I have to take part?

As participation is entirely voluntary, it is up to you to decide whether or not to take part. If you do decide to take part you will be given this information sheet to keep and you may be asked to sign a consent form. If you decide to take part you are still free to withdraw at any time up until 1 August 2020 and without having to give a reason.

What will happen to me if I take part?

You will only have to answer a set up multiple-choice and written response questions in relation to the topic. If the written answer questions lacks detail in responses, a follow-up interview may be arranged and voluntary to participate to ensure enough information is gathered to perform a qualitative data analysis. This interview could take up more time.

Are there any lifestyle restrictions? 

No, there are no lifestyle restrictions. 

What are the possible disadvantages and risks of taking part?

There are no anticipated disadvantages or risks associated with taking part in this study. Some written response questions require to give a longer response to reasons for using that technology. This survey is about the technology itself, rather than politics, so sensitive information like political affiliation is not requested.

What are the possible benefits of taking part?

There are no benefits of taking part of the study but helping further understanding the use of e-activism technologies .

What if something goes wrong?

Appropriate precautions have been made to ensure the data is securely stored in line with Brunel University’s policy on data storage.  Should you have any further questions during the survey or complaints you can email me at If you wish to withdraw your responses after the submission, you can email with the 4 digit code provided at the beginning of the survey if you wish to take part.  You can also email the head of ethical committee at if you have any complaints about this study or if you find something has gone wrong.
Will my taking part in this study be kept confidential?

Yes, all data collected will be strictly confidential and kept secure on a password-protected document in line with Brunel University’s data storage policy up until the end of the project in September.  Any information about you which leaves the University will have all your identifying information removed. With your permission, anonymised data will be stored and may be used in future research – you can indicate whether or not you give permission for this by way of the Consent Form.

Will I be recorded, and how will the recording be used?

No recording will be collected for this questionnaire.  All responses for the questionnaire will be kept anonymous.

What will happen to the results of the research study?

Once the data has been collected, it will then be analysed for my dissertation. You would not be identified anywhere in the dissertation, unless you specifically request it. You could also contact if you wish to have a copy of the data you submitted.  After the analysis, the data will be confidentially destroyed by September.   

Who is organising and funding the research?

This research is organised by Asif Manzar in conjunction with Brunel University London.

What are the indemnity arrangements?

Brunel University London provides appropriate insurance cover for research which has received ethical approval

Who has reviewed the study?

This study has been reviewed by the ethics committee, Professor Hua Zhao.

Research Integrity                                            

Brunel University London is committed to compliance with the Universities UK Research Integrity Concordat. You are entitled to expect the highest level of integrity from the researchers during the course of this research

Contact for further information and complaints

Researcher name and details:

Asif Manzar            


Supervisor name and details:

Dr. Cigdem Sengul


For complaints, Chair of the Research Ethics Committee:

Professor Hua Zhao

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* 1. I have read the Participant Information Sheet included with this questionnaire


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* 2. I am at least 18 years of age;

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* 3. I understand that no personal identifying data is collected in this study, and I know that once I have submitted my answers, I am able to withdraw my data from the study until 1st August

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* 4.  I agree that my data can be anonymised, stored and used in future research in line with Brunel University’s data retention policies;

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* 5. I agree to take part in this study